Iran: eleven executions in one week, including two women
While the head of the judiciary Ebrahim Raisi leads his campaign for the presidential election on June 18, he still oversees the execution of death sentences against prisoners. In this context, the authorities hanged at least eleven prisoners, including two women, in the prisons of Qazvin, Birjand, Isfahan and Yazd in just one week, on the basis of reports provided by the human rights association No to Prison – No to Execution.
Running a young couple
At dawn on May 30, Iranian authorities hanged a young couple in Qazvin prison, west of Tehran. The man has been identified as Yousef Pir-Ostovan. However, the identification of the female victim is unclear. They say they had a cousin relationship. They had been detained for about eight years.
According to human rights activists, state security forces arrested them for drug trafficking on the Qazvin-Karaj highway eight years ago. From this report, the authorities avoided announcing this news.
In 2015, the judicial authorities reportedly reformed and revised the Penal Code. Since then, Ms Pir-Ostoven has been the first female detainee to be executed on drug-related charges. As of the date of this report, the authorities have refused to announce the death penalty. Notably, Ms. Pir-Ostovan was the 118e women who was hanged during Hassan Rouhani’s “moderate” presidency.
Execution of six Baloch detainees
In addition, at dawn on May 25, Iranian authorities executed six Iranian Baloch detainees at Birjand prison in the northeastern province of South Khorasan. According to human rights defenders, prison guards deprived death row inmates of a final visit with their families.
“Javad Nakhaei, 33, Mohammadreza Harati, Reza Azarian, Ruhollah Riggi, Alireza Farsi and Reza As’adi have been identified,” reported the Baloch Human Rights Defenders Campaign. The government had previously convicted these detainees on drug-related charges. As of the date of this report, state media have yet to report the executions.
Execution of two inmates in Isfahan prison
In addition, authorities secretly hanged two inmates at Isfahan Central Prison on May 24. According to human rights activists, the executed detainees were Kianoush Ali-Moradi, 50, and Ahmad-Ali Ghodrati. The government had accused them of drug-related charges.
Mr. Ali-Moradi was married and had several children. However, justice executed him mercilessly, pushing his widow and impoverished orphans into enormous dilemmas in various aspects.
Execution of a woman for the love of an IRGC member
On May 23, authorities hanged 41-year-old prisoner Kobra Fatemi for the murder of her husband. She was considered the 117th woman to be executed during Rouhani’s eight-year tenure.
According to the penal code of the Islamic Republic, the Fatemis would pay “Diya” [blood money] to the grieving family, sparing his life. The victim’s family had initially agreed to accept the price of blood. However, the victim’s uncle, who was a member of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), rejected the money, insisting on carrying out the death penalty.
Forty-two executions in 70 days
Human rights activists have reported that the Iranian government has hanged at least 42 detainees since the start of the Persian New Year on March 21. “Most of the executions, around 71%, take place in secret,” they added.
Meanwhile, authorities are still hanging detainees on drug-related charges, despite a new directive released in 2017 speculating that the death penalty is significantly limited. However, the judiciary, headed by Ebrahim Raisi, nevertheless emphasizes the pronouncement and execution of death sentences.
Under such circumstances, the head of the judiciary Raisi, who has not yet resigned, is standing for the presidential elections on June 18. All indicators show that he is the favorite candidate of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, which points to a darker human rights situation in Iran.
In addition, the government has established an international system of arms smuggling and drug trafficking, using domestic resources to carry out such operations. “These groups operating under the influence of Khamenei and managed by the IRGC. In addition, the IRGC’s extraterritorial weapon, the Quds Force, finances terrorism and regional interventions by sending drugs to the West ”, mentionned Iranian dissident Mojahedin-e Khalq (MEK).
In 2007, WikiLeaks revealed a US Embassy report that stated that over 80% of the world’s opium and over 28% of the world’s heroin was transported through Iran. In 2011, The Times reported that the IRGCs have a huge role in Iran’s “multibillion pound” drug trade and are using it to forge a relationship with the “global criminal network” to undermine it. ‘West.
Outside of China, at least 283 people were executed worldwide in 2020. At least 246 of them were hanged in Iran, Amnesty International reported.